Small Grains Projects
California Small Grain Variety Selection Trial
Principle Investigator: Mark Lundy, UC Specialist, Dept. of Plant Sciences, Davis; Steve Orloff, County Director/Farm Advisor, Siskiyou County, Yreka.
- To determine productivity, phenological information and disease incidence for small grains relevant to the intermountain region.
Building the Oregon Malting Barley Brand in the Klamath Basin
Principle investigator: Richard Roseburg, Research Agronomist, Dept. of Crop & Soil Science, Oregon State University, Klamath Basin Research Center.
- To generate agronomic, malting and brewing performance data for spring 2-row varieties in order to establish the Oregon malting barley variety "brand."
Wheat Genetic Resources & Mapping Experiments
Principle Investigator: Calvin O. Qualset, Professor Emeritus, Department of Plant Sciences, UC Davis; Shiaoman Choa, USDA/ARS Research Geneticist, Fargo ND; Bryce Falk, Department of Plant Pathology, UC Davis
- To grow and make observations on agronomic and disease resistance on advanced breeding and genetic lines
- To make the genetic resources available to any researchers who have interest for their breeding or research
- To genetically characterize two populations of recombinant inbred lines for morpho-physiologic and agronomic traits
- To host the annual meeting of wheat workers in the Western Region, if the group is interested, for discussions of various current research topics and to view the field plantings of widely diverse wheat genetic materials
Improving Spring Barley for Northern Intermountain Areas
Principle Investigator: Lynn Gallagher, Researcher, Department of Plant Sciences, UC Davis; Dr. Pat Hayes, Barley Breeder, Dept. of Crop & Soil Science, OSU Corvallis, Oregon
- The project objective is to increase grain yield and disease resistance in spring barley adapted to the Klamath Basin
Nitrogen in Wheat
Principle Investigator: Steve Orloff, County Director/Farm Advisor, Siskiyou County, Yreka; Steve Wright, Farm Advisor–Tulare/Kings Counties; Rob Wilson, Center Director, UC Intermountain Research & Extension Center
- Compare the protein content of the most popular hard red spring wheat varieties
- Assess the effectiveness of late-season N applications to increase protein in different spring wheat varieties
- Evaluate controlled-and slow-release N fertilizers for improving both grain yield and protein
- Evaluate N application practices and soft white wheat varieties to obtain high yield with low protein content (approximately 10 percent)
Development of Wheat Varieties for California
Principle Investigator: Dr. Jorge Dubcovsky, Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Sciences, UC Davis; Oswaldo Chicaiza, Research Assistant, Department of Plant Sciences, UC Davis; John Heaton, Department of Plant Sciences, UC Davis; Lee Jackson, Extension Agronomist, Department of Plant Sciences, UC Davis
To produce new varieties & improved germplasm and distribute them to growers, breeders and other researchers. A multi-objective project will be conducted which:
- Introduces new germplasm for evaluation and breeding
- Develops breeding populations through hybridization, selection and evaluation
- Develops information on the inheritance of characters important to quality and yield in California production environments and finds molecular markers to assist the introgression of these characters into adapted breeding lines, and finally
- Produces Breeders Seed for multiplication as new varieties and germplasm for distribution to breeders and researchers. Specific goals are to introduce and maintain disease resistance, maintain or increase grain yield potential and improve end-use characteristics
Evaluation of Small Grain Species and Varieties Under Dryland Conditions
Principle Investigator: Steve Orloff, County Director/Farm Advisor, Siskiyou County, Yreka.
- Compare the performance of different small grain species and varieties under drought conditions.
- Evaluate the economics of harvesting small grains for grain versus hay under non-irrigated conditions.
Cereal Leaf Beetle Parasitoid Support
Principle Investigator: Charlie Pickett, Staff Environmental Research Scientist (Entomology), CDFA, Sacramento; Rob Wilson, Director/Farm Advisor, IREC; Darrin Culp, Supt. of Ag, IREC.
- To provide an area for the survival and production of parasitic wasps.
- To maintain a high population of CLB eggs and larvae throughout the spring and summer as food for the wasps.
- To provide a low-cost, effective alternative to controlling cereal leaf beetle infestations in our local area.
- To provide a supply of parasitic wasps for redistribution to infested areas.